# Best answer: How is network host calculated?

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## How do you determine the number of hosts in a subnet?

You can figure out how many hosts you can have in your subnet by subtracting the number of network bits from the number of total bits: in other words, 32 total bits, minus the number of network bits. Let’s use 26 as an example. A subnet with 26 network bits has six bits available for the host IP addresses.

## How is first host and last host calculated?

Therefore it’s 192.168. 86.1 for the first usable host address. The same can be said when calculating the last usable host address, which is the broadcast address minus one.

Example of calculating network and IP properties.

Usable number of hosts 254

/ 26 64 62
/ 25 128 126
/ 24 256 254
/ 23 512 510

## What does 22 mean in IP address?

255.255.252.0 /22 1024
255.255.248.0 /21 2048
255.255.240.0 /20 4096
255.255.224.0 /19 8192
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## What is N in subnetting?

The formula to determine how many hosts can operate on a network is 2n-2, where n is the number of 0 bits in the subnet mask. A subnet mask has 32 bits. If the CIDR notation is /27 it indicates that there are 5 bits left to create subnets.

To calculate the IP Address Subnet you need to perform a bit-wise AND operation (1+1=1, 1+0 or 0+1 =0, 0+0=0) on the host IP address and subnet mask. The result is the subnet address in which the host is situated.

## What is the maximum number of hosts per subnet?

The maximum number of available hosts is 4094. You cannot, of course, use the first or last IP in a subnet (e.g. 10.0. 0.0 and 10.0. 15.255) for hosts as these are required for other purposes.

## How many subnets are in a 24?

Subnet Cheat Sheet – 24 Subnet Mask, 30, 26, 27, 29, and other IP Address CIDR Network References

/24 255.255.255.0 254
/23 255.255.254.0 510
/22 255.255.252.0 1,022
/21 255.255.248.0 2,046

## Which IP address should you not use in your private network?

In April 2012, IANA allocated the block 100.64.0.0/10 (100.64.0.0 to 100.127.255.255, netmask 255.192.0.0) for use in carrier-grade NAT scenarios. This address block should not be used on private networks or on the public Internet.